Comprehensive Blood Analysis

This comprehensive blood analysis designed by Dr. Sardone, combines eleven individual blood tests providing a broad scope assessment of organ function and risk markers for systemic inflammation and chronic disease.

1. Lipid Panel

The lipid panel includes total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, VLDL-cholesterol and triglycerides. Based on their individual levels and combined ratios, the risk for atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease can be assessed. Although many individuals suffer from heart disease even when cholesterol levels total are normal, this test provides an indication if further testing is needed, or if conservation treatments through lifestyle (diet, supplementation and exercise) management are appropriate.

2. Thyroid Profile II

This test provides an assessment of thyroid function and hormone production used as a bench mark for common thyroid disorders. The thyroid gland influences almost all of the metabolic processes in your body, and disorders can range from mild to severe. The most common disorder involves abnormal production of thyroid hormones, with too much of resulting in a condition known as hyperthyroidism, and not enough thyroid hormone causing hypothyroidism. This profile includes thyroxine (T4), tri-iodothyronine (T3) and T3 uptake, thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), and free thyroxine index (FTI).

3. Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (14)

The comprehensive metabolic panel is a blood test that measures blood sugar (glucose) level, electrolyte levels and fluid balance as well as kidney and liver function. This test includes: Alanine aminotransferase (ALT/SGPT), albumin/globulin (A:G) ratio, albumin, alkaline phosphatase, aspartate aminotransferase (AST/SGOT), bilirubin, BUN, BUN/creatinine ratio, calcium, carbon dioxide, chloride, creatinine, globulin, glucose, potassium, protein, sodium, and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR).

4. Complete Blood Count (CBC) with differential

A complete blood count (CBC) gives important information about the kinds and numbers of cells in the blood, especially red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. A CBC helps check for symptoms such as weakness, fatigue, or bruising. A CBC also helps diagnose conditions such as anemia, infection, and many other disorders. This test includes: Hematocrit, hemoglobin, mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), red cell distribution width (RDW), percentage and absolute differential counts, platelet count, red cell count (RBC), and white blood cell count (WBC).

5. Vitamin D (25-hydroxy)

Vitamin D's metabolic byproduct targets over 2000 genes in the human body. Research has implicated vitamin D deficiency as a major factor in the pathology of at least 17 varieties of cancer as well as heart disease, stroke, hypertension, autoimmune diseases, diabetes, depression, chronic pain, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, muscle weakness, muscle wasting, birth defects, periodontal disease, and more. Although vitamin D can be produced inside the body, there are many factors that influence this process such as age, race, lack of sunlight, malabsorption, low dietary levels, liver and kidney dysfunction.

6. Cardiac C-Reactive Protein (CRP)

Cardiac or high-sensitivity CRP is a marker for systemic inflammation, and serves as a risk factor for cardiovascular and peripheral vascular disease, and other chronic conditions preceded by inflammation. Individuals with increased body fat, and in particular intra-abdominal fat, are predisposed to inflammation, heart disease, diabetes and various forms of cancer.

7. Homocysteine

Homocysteine is an amino acid that is synthesized from methionine, and with adequate levels of B-vitamins (B12, folate and B6) and functioning enzymes, it can be recycled into methionine or cysteine. However, when these vitamins or enzymes are either deficient or dysfunctional, homocysteine blood levels raise and this can increase the risk for heart disease or stroke

8. Fibrinogen

A number of clinical and epidemiological studies have revealed a consistent association between elevated fibrinogen levels and increased risk for atherosclerotic vascular disease; however, it remains to be determined whether increased fibrinogen acts as a mediator of arterial thrombosis or simply reflects the inflammation associated with atherosclerosis.

9. Uric Acid

Research suggests that increased uric acid levels are associated with gout (arthritis), high blood pressure, metabolic syndrome and diabetes, and weight gain. Studies also show that increased consumption of fructose, especially from high-fructose corn syrup, elevates uric acid levels.

10. Hemoglobin A1c

The A1c test may be used to screen for and diagnose diabetes, as well as providing a bench mark for glucose metabolism over the preceding 2-3 month period. People with diabetes need to have this test done regularly to see whether their blood sugar levels have been staying within a target range.

11. Insulin

The determination of insulin is used in the diagnosis of and treatment recommendations for various disorders of carbohydrate metabolism, including insulin resistance, diabetes and hypoglycemia.